Alivardi died in April 1756 and was succeeded by his grandson Siraj-ud-daula, a twenty year old youth. He was irresolute and obstinate; he was beset by crises from the moment of his accession. He found himself as the ruler of a independent state, because the Delhi government had been ruined by Afghans and Marathas.
Two relatives opposed his accession and Hindu notables were becoming increasingly restless under a Muslim minority government. Further, the English and French companies were palpably preparing for a renewal of hostilities between themselves. The English Company, for its part, had a considerable stake in Bengal by this time. So when the seven years war was approaching Europe both sides began fortification of their resources. The French desisted from this on Alivardi Khan's insistence, but the English continued. This arose Nawab's suspicion which resulted in Nawab marching into Fort Williams (Calcutta) along with his troops. As luck had it British troops had just arrived in Madras to take on de Bussy's French army. So British troops lead by Robert Clive proceeded towards Calcutta, it was retaken in January 1757 and the Nawab brought to peace and an alliance in February.
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