Chronology : Modern India

Exact Match
  Indus Valley
  Mauryan Era
  Post Mauryan
  Kushana Era
  Golden Age
  Post Gupta

  Arab Invasion
  South India
  Prithviraj Era
  Delhi Sultunate
  Mughal Period
  Maratha Era
  British Period

  Subhash & INA

1828Lord William Bentick becomes Governor General.
1829Prohibition of Sati.
1831Rise of the Sikhs under Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
1837Suppression of Thugs.
1839Maharaja Ranjit Singh dies.
1845-46First Anglo-Sikh wars. Sikhs defeated. 
1848Lord Dalhousie becomes Governor General.
1848-49Second Anglo-Sikh War. Sikhs defeated in battle (1848). The British annex Punjab.
1853First Indian Railway commences service between Bombay and Thane. Telegraph introduced in India.
1857-58First War of Indian Independence.
1858British Crown takes over the Indian Government through Queen Victoria's proclamation.
1861Indian Councils act, Indian High Courts act and Indian Penal Code (IPC) introduced.
1868Railway opened from Ambala to Delhi.
1877Delhi Durbar organized to proclaim Queen Victoria as the Empress of India. Bengal hit by its worst ever famine.
1878Discriminative Vernacular Press act promulgted.
1881Factory Act. Rendition of Mysore, Mysore restored to its original Wadiyar rulers.
1885Indian National Congress formed.
1892Indian Council Act to regulate Indian administration.
1899Lord Curzon becomes Governor General and Viceroy.
1905First Partition of Bengal.
1906Formation of the Muslim League.
1908Newspaper Act promulgated.
1909Minto-Morley reforms.
1911King George V and Queen Mary hold Durbar in Delhi. Partition of Bengal notified to create the Presidency of Bengal. The imperial capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. Bomb thrown at Lord Hardinge.
1914The First World War begins.
1915Defence of India Act promulgated.
1918First World War ends.
1919Rowlatt Act intended to perpetuate the extraordinary powers enjoyed by the Government during the war provokes country-wide protests. Massacre at Jalianwala Bagh. Ali Brothers and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad start the Khilafat movement (for restoring Turkish Khalifate) with Gandhiji's support. Montague-Chelmsford Reforms offer limited provincial autonomy to Indians. 
1920Congress okays non-cooperation movement. Tilak passes away. Students leave colleges, lawyers leave practice. Bonfire of British clothes, etc. to show popular dissatisfaction with the reforms.
1921Moplah rebellion in Malabar. Visit of the Prince of Wales. Census of India.
1922Civil disobedience movement. Congress makes Gandhiji sole leader of Bardoli satyagrah. Outburst of violence in Chauri-Chaura leading to suspension of movement by Gandhiji.
1923Swarajya Party started by C.R. Das and Motilal Nehru. Swarajists propose to enter the councils and wreck the government from within. Khilafat movement fizzles out as Kemal Pasha declares Turkey a secular state. Hindu-Muslim riots.
1925Death of C.R. Das.
1926Lord Reading expounds to the Nizam what paramountcy implies. Royal Commission on Agriculture. Factories Act.
1927Indian Navy Act. Simon Commission appointed.
1928Simon Commission comes to India. Boycott by all parties. Lala Lajpat Rai dies after being hit by police officer Saunders during an anti-Simon rally. All parties conference. Muslim leaders leave the conference.
1929Lord Irwin, Viceroy of India, promises dominion status for India. Lahore session of the Congress asks for independence. On the midnight of Dec. 31, Jawaharlal Nehru hoists National Flag at Lahore.
1930January 26 observed as Independence day all over India. Civil Disobedience Movement continues. Gandhiji goes walking to Dandi Salt Satyagraha. Repression let loose by the government. First Round Table conference.
1931Gandhi-Irwin Pact. Second Round Table Conference. Census of India.
1932Suppression of Congress movement. Third Round Table Conference. The Communal Award. Poona Pact.
1933White paper on Indian reforms.
1934Civil Disobedience Movement called off.
1935Government of India Act.
1936Death of King George V. Accession and abdication of Edward VIII. Accession of George VI.
1937Inauguration of Provincial autonomy. Congress ministries formed in a majority of provinces. 
1938Resignation of Congress Ministries. Political deadlock in India. Subhash becomes the President of Congress.
1939Begining of Second World War. Crisis between Gandhi and Subhash in Tripuri. Subhash splits Congress and forms Forward Bloc.
1941Japan enters the War. Attack on Pearl Harbour. Subhash escapes from prison and reaches Germany. 
1942Singapore falls to Japan. Japan occupies Rangoon. The British evacuate Burma. Cripps mission to India. Both Congress and League refuses Cripps offer. Congress adopts Quit India resolution on Aug 8. Congress leaders arrested & Congress declared illegal (Aug 9). INA formed. Subhash takes charge of INA. He inaugurates the Government of Free India at Singapore.
1943Bengal faces famine. Lord Wavell becomes the Governor General of India. Wavell's proposals for a settlement fall through as the Congress and the Muslim League could not agree.
1945As Atom Bomb is dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki Subhash's INA is forced to surrender to the British. Subhash mysteriously disappears in a plane crash. INA men are tried for treason.
1946Demonetisation of currency notes of the value of Rs. 500 and above (Jan. 12). Popular unrest spreads against the trial of the INA men. The ratings of the Royal Indian Navy rise in open revolt (Feb. 18). Cabinet Mission in India (Aug. 19). Cabinet Mission announces its plan for an interim government and a constituent assembly. Both Congress and Muslim League reject the proposals. Later Congress accepts and forms the interim Government. Muslim League gives call for direct action. Muslims attack Hindus in various parts of the country. Hindus retaliate carnage of Muslims in Calcutta, Bihar and Garhmukteshwar. Hindus butchered in Noakhali and Punjab. Muslim League offered to join Constituent Assembly, declines unless Pakistan is created. 
1947Lord Mountbatted takes charge of the ruins of British India. India partitioned into two parts. India attains independence (Aug. 15).

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