Historians of Bengali literature find early forms of Bengali literature between the 8th and 12th century A.D. Among these the Natha literature from the 12th century which emerged from the Buddhist Sahajiya cult. The Vaishnava cult also gained ground. The Vaishnava cult also gained ground.
From the middle of the 14th century, Radhakrishna lyrics became very popular and Chadidas was the great spokesman of this form of writing. He has composed about a thousand poems. Translations or rather adaptations of the Ramayana became very popular in the 15th century. The most well-known is the Ramayana by Krttivasa Ojha. It is revered as much as the Ramacharitamanasa of Tulsidas in North India.
The types of literature which became popular after the Bengali rendering of the classical Sanskrit works are called the Mangal Kavyas. There are three recognized varieties of Mangal Kavyas :
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