The Tribal communities living in large part of India participated in numerous revolts against the British occupation from time to time. They vented their ire against intrusion of imperialist forces and the expansion of the British dominion in India. The most important factor was their opposition to the entry of money lenders, revenue collecting farmers and businessmen in their simple life. Their imperialistic economic policies and suppression had been responsible for bringing the Tribal communities under the British rule.
The Tribal revolts, their irrepressible courage and extreme dedication and the state machinery's brutal maneuvers to suppress them, was a remarkable development in India's struggle against foreign rule. On one hand disciplined British India troops equipped with modern day weapons, on the other hand Tribal soldiers equipped with Bows & Arrows, axes and other ancient weaponries. They were angry, disorganized and fought a unequal battle as a result of which they were killed in lakhs. Among there various revolts the most important were the revolt by Koala tribesmen from 1820 to 1837, Santhal revolt from 1855-56, Rampas in 1879 and the Mundas from 1895-1901.
Birsa Munda was the leader of the revolt of the Munda Tribesman from 1895-1901.
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