Congress : Swami Dayanand Saraswati

Exact Match
  Indus Valley
  Mauryan Era
  Post Mauryan
  Kushana Era
  Golden Age
  Post Gupta

  Arab Invasion
  South India
  Prithviraj Era
  Delhi Sultunate
  Mughal Period
  Maratha Era
  British Period

  Subhash & INA

Prelude | Formation | Drain Theory | Tribal Revolts | Moplah | Swami Dayanand | Arya Samaj | Casteism | Communal 

Swami Dayanand SaraswatiDayananda was born in Gujarat, into a rich Brahmin family who worshipped Shiva. He was invested with the sacred thread at the age of eight. Three years later, when he was keeping vigil in a Shiva temple at night, he saw that rats appeared from the holes in the walls and began to eat the food offered to Shiva. He began to doubt the deity's power and formed a dislike for image worship. When his parents arranged his marriage he left home. From the age of 20 he travelled widely to meet holy men to widen his knowledge of religion and philosophy. He studied the Vedas for three years at Mathura until 1863. When his studies were completed, his teacher charged him with the duty of spreading the Vedic faith.

In 1875 Dayananda founded the Arya Samaj (Society of Aryans). He claimed the Vedas to be eternal, infallible, and a complete revelation of God. He accepted the doctrines of karma and rebirth, but opposed image worship, polytheism, animal sacrifice, caste based on birth, untouchability, pilgrimages, and ritual bathing. He condemned child marriage and the segregation of women, but opposed the remarriage of widows.

He introduced "purification rites" to reconvert those Hindus who had been converted to Christianity or Islam. Arya Samaj followers worship on Sundays. They make offerings to Agni (fire) while reciting the Gayatri Hymn from the Rig-Veda, and read, preach and teach the Vedas. There is no image worship. The Samaj is a democratic organization without regular priests. Every member is required to practise austerity, truth, and devotion to God.

The Arya Samaj was founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati who was a Hindu revivalist he wanted to reform Hinduism on the basis of the Vedas. Born in an orthodox Brahmin Family of Gujarat, he became a sanyasi. He was a scholar of Sanskrit and the Vedas. He believed that the Vedic religion was the only true religion in the world. He wanted to revive the old Vedic religion by removing from it all corrupt practices. His famous book Satyarth Prakash, which contains his teachings, is written in Hindi.

Swami Dayanand was perhaps the first to preach about the spirit of Swadeshi and to claim the principle of 'India for the Indians'. After his death in 1883, his work was carried on by such great man as Mahatma Lekh Raj, Swami Shradhananda, Mahatma Hans Raj and Lala Lajpat Rai.

next page >>

Copyright ©2000 All rights reserved.
By using this service, you accept that you won't copy or use the data given in this website for any commercial purpose.
The material on is for informational & educational purpose only.
This site is best viewed at 800 X 600 picture resolution.