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Huns | Harsha Vardhana | South India | Pulakeshin II | Parsis & Arabs | Rashtrakutas | Social Life

The Rashtrakuta kingdom floated on the weakness of the other kingdoms. The Pallavas were in decline, and their successors, the Cholas, had not yet entered the fray. There was no power in northern India strong enough to interfere with the affairs of the northern Deccan. The geographical position of the Rashtrakutas led to their being involved in wars and alliances with both the northern and more frequently with the southern kingdoms. The Rashtrakutas interfered effectively in the politics of Kannauj and this interference cost them many a campaign, though they did gain possession of Kannauj for a brief period in the early tenth century.

Amoghavarsha is probably the best remembered of the Rashtrakuta kings. His long reign (814-80) was militarily not brilliant, but was distinguished for royal patronage of the Jain religion and of regional literature. Amoghavarsha's main problem was the rebellious feudatories, one which remained a persistent trouble. The Chalukyas, reduced to feudatory status, were once again asserting themselves and were soon to overthrow the Rashtrakuras and install themselves as the rulers, bringing the wheel round full circle. Meanwhile, the rising power of the Cholas in Tamil-nad was another threat to the independence of the Rashtrakuta kingdom. The first half of the tenth century saw the Rashtrakutas still in the ascendant, with one of their kings claiming the title of 'Conqueror of Kanchi'. But this was a short-lived claim; by the end of the tenth century the new rulers of Kanchi and the Chalukyas between them had brought the Rashtrakuta dynasty to an end, and the second line of Chalukyas was ruling the kingdom of the Rashtrakutas.

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