The State Emblem :
The State emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion capital of Ashoka as preserved in the Sarnath museum. The Indian Government adopted the emblem on 26th January, 1950, the day when India became a Republic.
In the original of Sarnath Capital, there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculpture in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels (charkas) over a bell shaped lotus.
Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the capital is crowned by the wheel of the law (dharma chakra).
In the state emblem adopted by the Government, only three lions are visible, fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the center of the abacus, with the bull on the right and a horse on the ;left and the outlines of the other wheels on the extreme right and left. The bell shaped lotus has been omitted. The words, Satyameva Jayate from the Mundak Upanishads meaning Truth Alone Triumphs, are inscribed below the abacus in the Devanagari script.
The National Anthem:
Rabindranath Tagore's song Jana Gana Mana was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the national anthem of India on the 24th January, 1950. The first stanza (out of five stanzas) of the song forms the national Anthem. Following is Tagore's English rendering of the stanza:
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name arouses the hearts of the Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravid and Orissa and Bengal.
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of the Yamuna and the Ganges and is chanted by the waves of the Indian sea.
They pray for the blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India's destiny,
Victory, victory, victory to thee.