Bose, Subhash Chandra (1897-1945), was a revolutionary Indian nationalist leader. He led Indian forces against the British during World War II (1939-1945).
Bose was born in Cuttack, in what is now the Indian state of Orissa. His family were wealthy Bengalis. He studied in Calcutta and at Cambridge University in the United Kingdom. Although he was admitted into the Indian Civil Service, he chose to serve the Indian nationalist movement as a journalist, public speaker, and organizer. He was imprisoned several times, and was exiled twice by the British for his political activities.
As president of the Indian National Congress in 1938, Bose drew up plans for India's industrialization that conflicted with those of Mohandas Gandhi. In 1940, he was imprisoned but escaped to Nazi Germany. By 1943, he raised an Indian force of about 30,000 to fight with the Japanese against the British. He led his men through Burma as far as the Indian border, where they were finally defeated. Bose is alleged to have died in a Japanese hospital in Taiwan after a plane crash.
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