Naoroji, Dadabhai (1825-1917), was a prominent early leader of the Indian nationalist movement. He was also a writer.
Naoroji was born in Bombay, where his family belonged to the small Parsee community. He was educated at Elphinstone College in Bombay. He eventually became a businessman, teacher, and journalist.
Naorji spent much of his time in England, where he became a leading advocate of Indian interests. He played a major role in establishing the Indian National Congress in 1855, and served three terms as its president. His best known book, Poverty and Un-British Rule in India (1901), was a collection of his essays and speeches in which he claimed that British rule had drained India of its wealth. In 1892, Naoroji became the first Indian to be elected to the British Parliament. He stood as a member of the Liberal Party. He represented Central Finsbury, in London, from 1892 to 1895.
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