Famous Personalities of India : Madan Mohan Malaviya - Part I
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Madan Mohan Malaviya Madan Mohan Malaviya (1856 - 1946), was a man of versatile character, being a lawyer by profession he was a profound educationist. When the Banaras Hindu University was finally opened in 1921, Madan Mohan Malviya went a step closer to realising his cherished dream of spreading modern education in India.

Later, when the British Government stopped its annual grant to the BHU, and even his patrons, the Maharajas and rich businessmen were hesitant to help him, the Maharanis of the various Royal families handed over their jewellery to him, while the professors volunteered to work at reduced salaries. That was the kind of respect he commanded from his colleagues and admirers.

The man who would go on to devote his life to education and the freedom of his motherland, Madan Mohan Malviya, began his education at the age of five at Pandit Hardeva's Dharma Gyanopadesh Pathshala. After completing his matriculation in 1879, he went to Muir Central College, and then graduated from the Calcutta University in 1884. He was offered the post of teacher by the authorities of his school. Earning Rs 40 for a start, Malviya went ahead with his job with dedication and hard work, and became very popular with his students. Though he was busy in furthering the cause of education in India, he took active part in political activities and attended the Second Congress Session held in Calcutta in 1886. Owing to his devotion and services, he was made the Congress Party President in 1909, 1918, 1932 and 1933.

After his return from Calcutta he was made editor of Hindustan a Hindi weekly, and Indian Union. In 1887, he invited the Congress to Allahabad, and it proved to be a very successful effort. He became popular for his outspoken views about India as a subject of the British, the abject poverty of the masses, and the indifference of the British towards them. It is surprising that in spite of his busy life, he found time to complete his LL. B.

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