Bose, Sir Jagdish Chandra (1858-1937), was an Indian scientist. His work included discoveries in both physics and biology. His most important contribution to scientific knowledge was to devise extremely sensitive instruments for recording the way plants responded to outside acts. For example, his instruments showed how injured plants appeared to quiver.
Bose was born in Mymensingh, originally in India but now in Bangladesh. He began his career as a medical student but eventually became an experimental scientist. After graduating from Cambridge University in the United Kingdom in 1884, he worked as professor of physical science at Presidency College in Calcutta from 1885 to 1915. In 1917, he founded the Bose Research Institute, which he directed for the rest of his life. He was knighted for his services. In 1920, he became the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.
In his scientific work, Bose demonstrated that radio waves and light waves had similar properties. He improved on the device invented by the British scientist Sir Oliver Lodge for detecting radio waves. Bose also formulated a theory about contact-sensitive materials.
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